Islamic painting, also known as Islamic art or Islamic calligraphy, refers to the artistic traditions that have developed within the Islamic world. Islamic painting encompasses a wide range of styles and techniques, including calligraphy, geometric patterns, arabesque designs, and miniature paintings.

One of the most prominent features of Islamic painting is the extensive use of calligraphy. Arabic script is considered sacred in Islamic culture, and it is often used to depict verses from the Quran or other religious texts. Calligraphy is highly regarded as both a form of artistic expression and a means of conveying spiritual messages.

Geometric patterns and arabesque designs are also prevalent in Islamic painting. These intricate and symmetrical patterns are often found in architectural decorations, textiles, and manuscripts. They are believed to reflect the infinite nature of God and are used to create visually stunning and harmonious compositions.

Another significant form of Islamic painting is miniature painting. Miniatures are small-scale paintings that depict scenes from everyday life, historical events, or literature. They often incorporate vibrant colors, intricate details, and a high level of craftsmanship. Miniature painting has a rich tradition in Islamic art, with notable examples found in Persian, Ottoman, and Mughal art.

Islamic painting has been influenced by various artistic traditions throughout history, including Byzantine, Persian, and Indian art. It has also evolved across different regions within the Islamic world, resulting in unique styles and techniques.

In addition to its aesthetic qualities, Islamic painting has served as a means of preserving and transmitting knowledge. Manuscripts and illuminated texts have played a crucial role in the preservation of scientific, philosophical, and literary works.

Overall, Islamic painting is a diverse and rich artistic tradition that reflects the spiritual and cultural values of the Islamic world. It encompasses a wide range of styles and techniques, all united by a shared emphasis on calligraphy, geometric patterns, and the pursuit of beauty and harmony.